Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, plus the sustainable management of forests, conservation of forest carbon stocks and enhancement of forest carbon stocks, or REDD+, was adopted in 2007 at the Conference of the Parties (COP) in Bali, and officially included as a mechanism in the Paris Agreement at COP21 in December 2015. The protection of large forests, many of which are located in developing nations, has been recognized as an important first step in mitigating the effects of climate change, as these forests absorb huge amounts of carbon dioxide.

To learn more about REDD and REDD+, please explore the links below.

External Websites:

UN-REDD Website>> Homepage, Information about REDD+


Stiem, L. & Krause, T. (2016). Exploring the impact of social norms and perceptions on women’s participation in customary forest and land governance in the Democratic Republic of Congo— implications for REDD+. Int. Forest. Rev.18(1), 110-122.